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Rules for NFL offseason workouts and offseason calendars

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Offseason work begins -- what is allowed?

Mark J. Rebilas-USA TODAY Sports

Monday marks the beginning of the offseason program for the Arizona Cardinals. The team begins Phase 1 of the offseason program. With each phase comes different rules. Here is what the NFL says about each phase.

Phase 1 (beginning April 18)

Phase One consists of the first two weeks of the program with activities limited to strength and conditioning and physical rehabilitation only. Only full time or part-time strength and conditioning coaches, who have no other coaching responsibilities with the Club, are allowed on the field. No footballs can be used, except that quarterbacks may elect to throw to receivers provided they are not covered by any other player. Players cannot wear helmets during Phase 1.

Phase 2 (beginning May 2)

Phase Two consists of the next three weeks of the program. On-field workouts may include individual player instruction and drills as well as team practice conducted on a "separates" basis. All coaches are allowed on the field. On-field workouts can include individual player instruction and drills, as well as the entire offense or entire defense on the field, but not offense vs. defense. This also includes special teams, meaning you can have the kicking or return team on the field, but not kicking vs. return.

No offense vs. defense drills are allowed, meaning no one-on-one OL vs. DL pass rush/pass protections drills, no WR vs/ DB bump-and-run drills. Players cannot wear helmets during Phase 2.

Phase 3 (May 17-19, May24-26, May 31-June 3, June 9-11)

Phase Three consists of the next four weeks of the program. Teams may conduct a total of 10 days of organized team practice activity, or "OTAs". No live contact is permitted, but 7-on-7, 9-on-7, and 11-on-11 drills are permitted.

Mini-camp (June 9-11)

Article 22 of the Collective Bargaining Agreement stipulates that clubs may hold one mandatory mini-camp for veteran players. This mini-camp, noted below, must occur during Phase Three of the offseason program.

Rookie workouts

Each club may hold a rookie football development program for a period of seven weeks, which in 2016 may begin on May 9. During this period, no activities may be held on weekends, with the exception of one post-NFL Draft rookie minicamp, which may be conducted on either the first or second weekend following the draft (May 6-8 for the Arizona Cardinals)